25th of April

Australia’s most important national occasion is Anzac day which is 25th of April. It is recognized as a ritual occasion by New Zealanders and Australians. During the First World War Australian and New Zealand forces fought for the first military action. 25th of April marks the anniversary of the landing Australian and New Zealand soldiers (Anzacs) on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915.Australians went in to battle for the first time as an independent nation. It was their baptism of fire on the shores of Gallipoli. The aim of war was to capture the Dardanelles because it was the gateway to the Bosporus and the Black Sea and to capture the capital of Ottoman Empire, Constantinople (now Istanbul).

25th of April was officially named as Anzac Day by George Pearce, Prime Minister. Anzac day is a public holiday in New Zealand and Australia. Ceremonies are arranged and speeches, hymns and the national anthem make an appearance at these ceremonies. At 25th of April in Australia the Australian flag is flown in half-mast. This is the way of remembrance for Anzacs who lost their lives at Gallipoli, Turkey and in all other wars. They celebrate the brave young people that fought in the war for their country. Australians and New Zealanders believe that Anzacs are very brave and should be remembered and talked about for years to come.

When Anzacs arrived Gallipoli beach on 25th of April, 1915 they faced steep cliffs, constant barrages of enemy fire and shelling. But they had been told it was a nice flat beach so they surprised a lot. Turkish force led by Mustafa Kemal defended their country and it was a disaster for Anzacs because it was resulted in 25000 Australian casualties and also it was a disaster for Turks.